Internet Documents


RFCs All DocumentsSTDs Internet Standards DocumentsBCPs Best Current Practice DocumentsFYIs Informational Documents

FYI 2 FYI on a Network Management Tool Catalog: Tools for Monitoring and Debugging TCP/IP Internets and Interconnected Devices
Authors:R. Enger, J. Reynolds.
Date:June 1993
Formats:txt html pdf
Obsoletes:RFC 1147
Also:RFC 1470
The goal of this FYI memo is to provide an update to FYI 2, RFC 1147[1], which provided practical information to site administrators and network managers. New and/or updated tools are listed in this RFC.Additonal descriptions are welcome, and should be sent to: noctools-
FYI 3 FYI on where to start: A bibliography of internetworking information
Authors:K.L. Bowers, T.L. LaQuey, J.K. Reynolds, K. Roubicek, M.K. Stahl, A. Yuan.
Date:August 1990
Formats:txt html pdf
Also:RFC 1175
The intent of this bibliography is to offer a representative collection of resources of information that will help the reader become familiar with the concepts of internetworking. It is meant to be a starting place for further research. There are references to other sources of information for those users wishing to pursue, in greater depth, the issues and complexities of the current networking environment.
FYI 4 FYI on Questions and Answers - Answers to Commonly Asked "New Internet User" Questions
Authors:R. Plzak, A. Wells, E. Krol.
Date:August 1999
Formats:txt html pdf
Obsoletes:RFC 1594
Also:RFC 2664
This memo provides an overview to the new Internet User. The intended audience is the common Internet user of today, thus it attempts to provide a more consumer oriented approach to the Internet rather than going into any depth about a topic. Unlike its predecessors, this edition seeks to answer the general questions that an unsophisticated consumer would ask as opposed to the more pointed questions of a more technically sophisticated Internet user. Those desiring a more in-depth discussion are directed to FYI 7 that deals with intermediate and advanced Q/A topics. A conscious effort has been made to keep this memo brief but at the same time provide the new user with enough information to generally understand theInternet.
FYI 5 Choosing a name for your computer
Authors:D. Libes.
Date:August 1990
Formats:txt html pdf
Also:RFC 1178
In order to easily distinguish between multiple computers, we give them names. Experience has taught us that it is as easy to choose bad names as it is to choose good ones. This essay presents guidelines for deciding what makes a name good or bad.

Keywords: domain name system, naming conventions, computer administration, computer network management

FYI 6 FYI on the X window system
Authors:R.W. Scheifler.
Date:January 1991
Formats:txt html pdf
Also:RFC 1198
FYI 7 FYI on Questions and Answers: Answers to commonly asked "experienced Internet user" questions
Authors:G.S. Malkin, A.N. Marine, J.K. Reynolds.
Date:February 1991
Formats:txt html pdf
Also:RFC 1207
FYI 8 Site Security Handbook
Authors:B. Fraser.
Date:September 1997
Formats:txt html pdf
Obsoletes:RFC 1244
Also:RFC 2196
This handbook is a guide to developing computer security policies and procedures for sites that have systems on the Internet. The purpose of this handbook is to provide practical guidance to administrators trying to secure their information and services. The subjects covered include policy content and formation, a broad range of technical system and network security topics, and security incident response.
FYI 9 Who's Who in the Internet: Biographies of IAB, IESG and IRSG Members
Authors:G. Malkin.
Date:May 1992
Formats:txt html pdf
Obsoletes:RFC 1251
Also:RFC 1336
This FYI RFC contains biographical information about members of theInternet Activities Board (IAB), the Internet Engineering SteeringGroup (IESG) of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), and the the Internet Research Steering Group (IRSG) of the Internet ResearchTask Force (IRTF).
FYI 10 There's Gold in them thar Networks! or Searching for Treasure in all the Wrong Places
Authors:J. Martin.
Date:January 1993
Formats:txt html pdf
Obsoletes:RFC 1290
Also:RFC 1402
A wealth of information exists on the network. In fact, there is so much information that you could spend your entire life browsing. This paper will present some of the "gold nuggets" of information and file repositories on the network that could be useful.

The ultimate goal is to make the route to these sources of information invisible to you. At present, this is not easy to do. I will explain some of the techniques that can be used to make these nuggets easier to pick up so that we all can be richer.

FYI 11 X.500 Implementations Catalog-96
Authors:C. Apple, K. Rossen.
Date:April 1997
Formats:txt html pdf
Obsoletes:RFC 1632
Also:RFC 2116
This document is the result of a survey that gathered new or updated descriptions of currently available implementations of X.500, including commercial products and openly available offerings. This document is a revision of RFC 1292. We contacted each contributor inRFC 1292 and requested an update and published the survey template in several mailing lists and obtained new product descriptions.

This document contains detailed description of twenty six (26) X.500 implementations - DSAs, DUAs, and DUA interfaces.

FYI 12 Building a Network Information Services Infrastructure
Authors:D. Sitzler, P. Smith, A. Marine.
Date:February 1992
Formats:txt html pdf
Also:RFC 1302
This FYI RFC document is intended for existing Internet NetworkInformation Center (NIC) personnel, people interested in establishing a new NIC, Internet Network Operations Centers (NOCs), and funding agencies interested in contributing to user support facilities. The document strives to:

- Define a basic set of essential services that NetworkInformation Centers (NICs) will provide to Internet users, including new mechanisms that will facilitate the timely dissemination of information to the Internet community and encourage cooperation among NICs.

- Describe existing NIC services as an aid to Internet users and as a model for organizations establishing new NICs.

FYI 13 Executive Introduction to Directory Services Using the X.500 Protocol
Authors:C. Weider, J. Reynolds.
Date:March 1992
Formats:txt html pdf
Also:RFC 1308
This document is an Executive Introduction to Directory Services using the X.500 protocol. It briefly discusses the deficiencies in currently deployed Internet Directory Services, and then illustrates the solutions provided by X.500.

This FYI RFC is a product of the Directory Information Services(pilot) Infrastructure Working Group (DISI). A combined effort of the User Services and the OSI Integration Areas of the InternetEngineering Task Force (IETF).

FYI 14 Technical Overview of Directory Services Using the X.500 Protocol
Authors:C. Weider, J. Reynolds, S. Heker.
Date:March 1992
Formats:txt html pdf
Also:RFC 1309
This document is an overview of the X.500 standard for people not familiar with the technology. It compares and contrasts DirectoryServices based on X.500 with several of the other Directory services currently in use in the Internet. This paper also describes the status of the standard and provides references for further information on X.500 implementations and technical information.

A primary purpose of this paper is to illustrate the vast functionality of the X.500 protocol and to show how it can be used to provide a global directory for human use, and can support other applications which would benefit from directory services, such as main programs.

This FYI RFC is a product of the Directory Information Services(pilot) Infrastructure Working Group (DISI). A combined effort of the User Services and the OSI Integration Areas of the InternetEngineering Task Force (IETF).

FYI 15 Privacy and Accuracy Issues in Network Information Center Databases
Authors:J. Curran, A. Marine.
Date:August 1992
Formats:txt html pdf
Also:RFC 1355
This document provides a set of guidelines for the administration and operation of public Network Information Center (NIC) databases. The purpose is to formalize procedures for the responsible handling of the personal and organizational information maintained by NICs in publically accessible databases, and to improve the accuracy and accessibility of such data where appropriate.
FYI 16 Connecting to the Internet - What Connecting Institutions Should Anticipate
Date:August 1992
Formats:txt html pdf
Also:RFC 1359
This FYI RFC outlines the major issues an institution should consider in the decision and implementation of a campus connection to theInternet.

In order to provide clarity to the reader, some specific information has been detailed. In doing so, the document has been directed toward U.S. academic institutions that have not yet connected to theInternet.

However, the issues for which specific information has been provided can be generalized for any organization that wishes to participate in the world-wide Internet community. It will be necessary for those organizations to obtain the correct and detailed information from their local or national IP service providers. In addition, this document may be used as an evaluation checklist for organizations that are currently connected. Readers are expected to have general familiarity with networking concepts and terminology.

FYI 18 Internet Users' Glossary
Authors:G. Malkin, Ed..
Date:August 1996
Formats:txt html pdf
Obsoletes:RFC 1392
Also:RFC 1983
There are many networking glossaries in existence. This glossary concentrates on terms which are specific to the Internet. Naturally, there are entries for some basic terms and acronyms because other entries refer to them.
FYI 19 FYI on Introducing the Internet-- A Short Bibliography of Introductory Internetworking Readings
Authors:E. Hoffman, L. Jackson.
Date:May 1993
Formats:txt html pdf
Also:RFC 1463
This bibliography offers a short list of recent information resources that will help the network novice become familiar with the Internet, including its associated networks, resources, protocols, and history.This FYI RFC includes references to free sources of information available on-line as well as traditional publications. A short section at the end includes information for accessing the on-line files. This FYI is intentionally brief so it can be easily used as a handout by user services personnel.
FYI 20 FYI on "What is the Internet?"
Authors:E. Krol, E. Hoffman.
Date:May 1993
Formats:txt html pdf
Also:RFC 1462
This FYI RFC answers the question, "What is the Internet?" and is produced by the User Services Working Group of the InternetEngineering Task Force (IETF). Containing a modified chapter from EdKrol's 1992 book, "The Whole Internet User's Guide and Catalog," the paper covers the Internet's definition, history, administration, protocols, financing, and current issues such as growth, commercialization, and privatization.
FYI 21 A Survey of Advanced Usages of X.500
Authors:C. Weider, R. Wright.
Date:July 1993
Formats:txt html pdf
Also:RFC 1491
This document is the result of a survey asking people to detail their advanced usages of X.500. It is intended to show how various organizations are using X.500 in ways which extend the view of X.500 as a "White Pages" service. This RFC is a product of the IntegratedDirectory Services Working Group of the Application and User ServicesAreas of the IETF.
FYI 22 Frequently Asked Questions for Schools
Authors:J. Sellers, J. Robichaux.
Date:May 1996
Formats:txt html pdf
Obsoletes:RFC 1578
Also:RFC 1941
The goal of this FYI document, produced by the Internet SchoolNetworking (ISN) group in the User Services Area of the InternetEngineering Task Force (IETF), is to act as an introduction to theInternet for faculty, administration, and other school personnel in primary and secondary schools. The intended audience is educators who are recently connected to the Internet, who are accessing theInternet by some means other than a direct connection, or who are just beginning to consider Internet access as a resource for their schools. Although the Internet Engineering Task Force is an international organization and this paper will be valuable to educators in many countries, it is limited in focus to internetworking in the United States.
FYI 23 Guide to Network Resource Tools
Authors:EARN Staff.
Date:March 1994
Formats:txt html pdf
Also:RFC 1580
FYI 24 How to Use Anonymous FTP
Authors:P. Deutsch, A. Emtage, A. Marine.
Date:May 1994
Formats:txt html pdf
Also:RFC 1635
This document provides information for the novice Internet user about using the File Transfer Protocol (FTP). It explains what FTP is, what anonymous FTP is, and what an anonymous FTP archive site is. It shows a sample anonymous FTP session. It also discusses common ways files are packaged for efficient storage and transmission.
FYI 25 A Status Report on Networked Information Retrieval: Tools and Groups
Authors:J. Foster, Ed..
Date:August 1994
Formats:txt html pdf
Also:RFC 1689
The purpose of this report is to increase the awareness of NetworkedInformation Retrieval by bringing together in one place information about the various networked information retrieval tools, their developers, interested organisations, and other activities that relate to the production, dissemination, and support of NIR tools.NIR Tools covered include Archie, WAIS, gopher and World Wide Web.
FYI 26 K-12 Internetworking Guidelines
Authors:J. Gargano, D. Wasley.
Date:November 1994
Formats:txt ps html pdf
Also:RFC 1709
FYI 27 Tools for DNS debugging
Authors:A. Romao.
Date:November 1994
Formats:txt pdf
Also:RFC 1713
Although widely used (and most of the times unnoticed), DNS (DomainName System) is too much overlooked, in the sense that people, especially administrators, tend to ignore possible anomalies as long as applications that need name-to-address mapping continue to work.This document presents some tools available for domain administrators to detect and correct those anomalies.
FYI 28 Netiquette Guidelines
Authors:S. Hambridge.
Date:October 1995
Formats:txt pdf
Also:RFC 1855
This document provides a minimum set of guidelines for NetworkEtiquette (Netiquette) which organizations may take and adapt for their own use. As such, it is deliberately written in a bulleted format to make adaptation easier and to make any particular item easy(or easier) to find. It also functions as a minimum set of guidelines for individuals, both users and administrators. This memo is the product of the Responsible Use of the Network (RUN) WorkingGroup of the IETF.
FYI 29 Catalogue of Network Training Materials
Authors:J. Foster, M. Isaacs, M. Prior.
Date:October 1996
Formats:txt pdf
Also:RFC 2007
The purpose of this document is to provide a catalogue of qualityNetwork Training Materials for use by Internet trainers in training their users. By providing such a collection of pointers to useful resources, it is hoped that trainers will be relieved of much of the load of producing current training materials.
FYI 30 A Primer On Internet and TCP/IP Tools and Utilities
Authors:G. Kessler, S. Shepard.
Date:June 1997
Formats:txt html pdf
Obsoletes:RFC 1739
Also:RFC 2151
This memo is an introductory guide to many of the most commonly- available TCP/IP and Internet tools and utilities. It also describes discussion lists accessible from the Internet, ways to obtainInternet and TCP/IP documents, and some resources that help users weave their way through the Internet.
FYI 31 Humanities and Arts: Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
Authors:J. Max, W. Stickle.
Date:October 1997
Formats:txt html pdf
Also:RFC 2150
This document is designed primarily for individuals who have limited knowledge of, or experience with, the Internet.

The purpose of this document is to provide members of the Arts andHumanities communities with an introduction to the Internet as a valuable tool, resource, and medium for the creation, presentation, and preservation of Arts and Humanities-based content.

The intended audience is practicing artists, scholars, related professionals, and others whose knowledge, expertise and support is important to ensuring that the Arts and Humanities are well-placed in the global information infrastructure.

FYI 32 Hobbes' Internet Timeline
Authors:R. Zakon.
Date:November 1997
Formats:txt html pdf
Also:RFC 2235
FYI 33 Some Testing Tools for TCP Implementors
Authors:S. Parker, C. Schmechel.
Date:August 1998
Formats:txt html pdf
Also:RFC 2398
FYI 34 Users' Security Handbook
Authors:E. Guttman, L. Leong, G. Malkin.
Date:February 1999
Formats:txt html pdf
Also:RFC 2504
The Users' Security Handbook is the companion to the Site SecurityHandbook (SSH). It is intended to provide users with the information they need to help keep their networks and systems secure.
FYI 35 DON'T SPEW A Set of Guidelines for Mass Unsolicited Mailings and Postings (spam*)
Authors:S. Hambridge, A. Lunde.
Date:June 1999
Formats:txt html pdf
Also:RFC 2635
This document explains why mass unsolicited electronic mail messages are harmful in the Internetworking community. It gives a set of guidelines for dealing with unsolicited mail for users, for system administrators, news administrators, and mailing list managers. It also makes suggestions Internet Service Providers might follow.
FYI 36 Internet Security Glossary, Version 2
Authors:R. Shirey.
Date:August 2007
Formats:txt html pdf
Obsoletes:RFC 2828
Also:RFC 4949
This Glossary (191 pages of definitions and 13 pages of references) provides abbreviations, explanations, and recommendations for use of information system security terminology. The intent is to improve the comprehensibility of writing that deals with Internet security, particularly Internet Standards documents (ISDs). To avoid confusion,ISDs should use the same term or definition whenever the same concept is mentioned. To improve international understanding, ISDs should use terms in their plainest, dictionary sense. ISDs should use terms established in standards documents and other well-founded publications and should avoid substituting private or newly made-up terms. ISDs should avoid terms that are proprietary or otherwise favor a particular vendor, or that create a bias toward a particular security technology or mechanism versus other, competing techniques that already exist or might be developed in the future.
FYI 37 Guide to Administrative Procedures of the Internet Infrastructure
Authors:Z. Wenzel, J. Klensin, R. Bush, S. Huter.
Date:August 2000
Formats:txt html pdf
Also:RFC 2901
This document describes the administrative procedures for networks seeking to connect to the global Internet. This includes the steps and operations necessary for address space allocation and registration, routing database registration, and domain name registration. The document also contains information about the required forms and how to obtain them.