Internet DRAFT - draft-aboba-ieee802-rel


Network Working Group                                           Les Bell
INTERNET-DRAFT                                       3Com Europe Limited
Category: Informational                                    Dan Romascanu
<draft-aboba-ieee802-rel-04.txt>                              Avaya Inc.
5 April 2005                                               Bernard Aboba
                                                   Microsoft Corporation

               History of the IEEE 802/IETF Relationship

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Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2005).  All Rights Reserved.


   Since the mid 1990s, IEEE 802 and IETF have cooperated in the
   development of SNMP MIBs and AAA applications. This document
   describes the history of that cooperation, and the policies and
   procedures that have developed in order to coordinate between the two

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Table of Contents

1.     Introduction ..........................................    3
2.     MIB Development .......................................    3
   2.1       Bridge MIB ......................................    3
   2.2       MAU and Hub MIBs ................................    3
   2.3       802.1p/Q MIB ....................................    4
   2.4       802.3ad and 802.1X MIBs .........................    5
   2.5       802.1t, 802.1u, 802.1v and 802.1w MIBs ..........    6
3.     AAA/EAP ...............................................    6
   3.1       IEEE 802.1X .....................................    7
   3.2       IEEE 802.11i ....................................    8
   3.3       IEEE 802.11F ....................................    9
4.     Recent Developments ...................................   10
5.     Recommendations .......................................   11
6.     Security Considerations ...............................   13
7.     IANA Considerations ...................................   14
8.     References ............................................   14
   8.1       Informative References ..........................   14
Acknowledgments ..............................................   18
Authors' Addresses ...........................................   18
Intellectual Property Statement ..............................   18
Copyright Statement ..........................................   19
Disclaimer of Validity .......................................   19

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1.  Introduction

   Since the late 1980s, participants in IEEE 802 and the IETF have
   cooperated in the development of MIBs and AAA applications relating
   to IEEE standards.  This has included the Bridge MIB [RFC1493], the
   multicast filtering and VLAN extension MIB [RFC2674], the Hub MIB
   [RFC2108], the Ethernet-like Interfaces MIB [RFC3635], the MAU MIB
   [RFC3636], the WAN Interfaces Sublayer MIB [RFC3637], the Power
   Ethernet MIB [RFC3621], RADIUS/EAP [RFC3579], IEEE 802.1X RADIUS
   usage guidelines [RFC3580], the revised EAP specification [RFC3748],
   and the EAP State Machine specification [EAPSTATE].  This document
   describes the history of the IEEE 802/IETF relationship, as well as
   the policies and procedures that have been put in place to encourage

2.  MIB Development

2.1.  Bridge MIB

   The relationship between IETF and IEEE 802 began in the late 1980s
   with SNMP MIBs developed for the original IEEE 802.1D standard.
   Because the IEEE specification [IEEE-802.1D] contained only a
   functional definition of the counters and operations, the IETF's
   Bridge MIB WG took on the role of defining the Bridge MIB [RFC1493]
   which was published as an RFC.  Fred Baker and later Keith McCloghrie
   served as chairs of the Bridge WG.

   The Bridge MIB combined the work of Keith McCloghrie, Eric Decker and
   Paul Langille, with spanning tree expertise provided by Anil
   Rijsinghani.  Mick Seaman (author of 802.1D) and Floyd Backes (who
   had written the code for Digital Equipment's spanning tree
   implementation) were the main contacts within IEEE 802.1.  Since
   Mick, Floyd, Anil and Paul all worked for Digital Equipment
   Corporation at the time, much of the coordination between IEEE 802.1
   and the Bridge MIB WG took place in the hallways at Digital, rather
   than within official channels.

2.2.  MAU and Hub MIBs

   In the early 1990s when IEEE 802.3 was completing the first Ethernet
   standards, SNMP was not yet the dominant network management protocol.
   As a result, a 'protocol independent' MIB is included in Clause 30 of
   the IEEE 802.3 standard [IEEE-802.3], which is updated each time the
   Ethernet standard is enhanced to support higher speeds.  In parallel,
   IEEE 802 participants interested in network management were active in
   the formation of the IETF HUBMIB WG, which took on the task of
   transforming IEEE 802 definitions into SNMP MIBs documented as
   Standards Track RFCs.  This included Dan Romascanu, Chair of the IETF

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   HUBMIB WG since 1996.

   The Charter of the HUBMIB WG explicitly mentions that the IEEE 802.3
   standard is the starting point for the Ethernet MIB, but at the same
   time reserves the right to deviate from the IEEE model - either to
   cover only part of the capabilities offered by the standard, or add
   MIB objects that are not directly derived from the IEEE model (mostly
   implemented in software).   If management needs lead to requirements
   for hardware support, the IETF HUBMIB WG is to provide this input to
   IEEE 802.3 in a timely manner.

   Cooperation between the IETF HUBMIB WG and IEEE 802.3 has continued
   for more than a decade until today, mostly based on the work of a few
   editors supported by their companies, who are taking the IEEE
   standards and mapping them into a management data model and MIBs.
   Work items include:

   - The Hub MIB [RFC2108], which has gone through three iterations,
     and is probably ending its evolution, as repeaters are less used
     in Ethernets.
   - The MAU MIB, which has been updated each time a new Ethernet speed
     is developed, with [RFC3636] accommodating 10 Gbps Ethernet.
   - The Ethernet-like Interfaces MIB was not originally a work item
     of the HUBMIB WG, but the WG took responsibility for a revision,
     published as [RFC3635].
   - The WAN Interfaces Sublayer MIB [RFC3637], and the Power Ethernet MIB
     [RFC3621] were developed in IEEE 802.3 and the IETF HUBMIB WG.

   In 2000, an official liaison was established between IEEE 802.3 and
   the IETF HUBMIB WG, and Dan Romascanu was appointed IETF liaison.
   The conditions of the liaison agreement allows editors and other
   participants in the IETF HUBMIB WG access to work-in-progress drafts
   in IEEE 802.3 on a personal basis, for the purpose of working on MIBs
   before the release of the standard.  However, the user name and
   password for IEEE 802.3 document access are not for publication on
   any IETF Web site or mail list.

2.3.  802.1p/Q MIB

   In 1996 as the 802.1p and 802.1Q standards were being completed, a
   need was perceived for development of an SNMP MIB, based on the
   management clauses of those standards.  IEEE 802 management clauses
   are written in a manner that was independent of any protocol that may
   be used to implement them.

   At that time, there were a number of proprietary VLAN management MIBs
   which were both inadequate and difficult to understand.  As a result
   there was a need for a more comprehensive, simpler model for VLAN

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   management, along with the priority and multicast filtering
   management also defined by these standards.

   A small group of participants from the 802.1 WG began working on the
   problem independently, then combined their work.  The original
   authors of the Bridge MIB, on which some of the work was based,
   reviewed the initial work.

   By the end of 1997, the work was ready for review by a larger
   audience.  Andrew Smith worked with Keith McCloghrie, chair of the
   Bridge MIB WG (dormant at the time) to obtain a meeting slot at the
   March 1998 IETF Meeting.  After this, review and development of the
   MIB continued on the IETF standards track.

   During the development of [RFC2674], there was no official inter-
   working between the IETF Bridge-MIB and IEEE 802.1 groups.
   Development of this MIB was successful, because the main developers
   (Andrew Smith and Les Bell) were involved in both IEEE 802.1 as well
   as the IETF Bridge MIB WGs.

2.4.  802.3ad and 802.1X MIBs

   As part of the IEEE 802.3ad and IEEE 802.1X standards work, it was
   decided that it would better to develop a MIB as part of the
   standards, rather than wait until an IETF WG was formed, and develop
   the MIBs separately, so as to avoid a significant time lag in their

   As Les Bell was the participant in IEEE 802.3ad and IEEE 802.1 most
   familiar with SNMP MIB development, he put together the initial MIBs
   based on the management framework the groups had come up with.
   Additional assistance was then received for both MIBs from within the
   IEEE 802.3ad and IEEE 802.1X groups.  Tony Jeffree, editor of both
   standards, acted as editor of the MIBs as well.

   The problem with IEEE 802 developing these MIBs without IETF
   involvement was the lack of review.  IEEE 802 members are generally
   not familiar with MIBs and very few comments were received as part of
   the balloting process for either MIB.

   In the case of the IEEE 802.3ad MIB, this meant that basic errors
   were not discovered until just before publication.  Unfortunately by
   then it was too late, and the corrections submitted to the IEEE
   802.3ad chair and document editor did not get applied to the
   published version.

   Subsequent to the publication of [IEEE-802.1X], the IEEE 802.1X MIB
   was reviewed within the Bridge WG, and several syntax errors were

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   found.  These have been corrected in the version of the MIB module
   that was developed as part of [IEEE-802.1X-2004].  However, while
   [8021XMIB] was originally published as a draft within the Bridge WG,
   there was not sufficient interest to complete its publication as an
   RFC.  As a result, the draft has now expired.

2.5.  802.1t, 802.1u, 802.1v and 802.1w MIBs

   802.1t and 802.1u were minor amendments to the 802.1D and 802.1Q
   standards, requiring some additions to the MIB published in
   [RFC2674].  802.1v was a new feature extending the VLAN
   classification schemes of 802.1Q, also requiring extensions to
   [RFC2674].  802.1w was a new version of Spanning Tree, requiring re-
   writing of part of [RFC1493].

   When Les Bell took on the role of Chair of the IETF Bridge-MIB WG in
   2001, these issues were raised as new work items and two volunteers
   were found to become editors of the Internet Drafts.  A work item was
   also included to publish the IEEE 802.1X MIB as an Informational RFC.

   This approach worked well for a while, but it then became difficult
   for the participants, including the editors and the Chair, to sustain
   a level of interest sufficient to overcome the difficulties
   introduced by budget cut-backs.  As a result, the drafts have now
   expired, although there are no significant technical issues


   Since the late 1990s, IEEE 802.1 has been involved in work relating
   to authentication and authorization [IEEE-802.1X], which lead to
   discovery of issues in several IETF specifications, including
   [RFC2284] and [RFC2869].  Similarly, IETF participants have uncovered
   issues in early versions of the RADIUS usage specifications such as
   [RFC3580], as well as the IEEE 802.1X state machine [Mishra].

   In order to address these issues and ensure synchronization between
   IEEE 802.1 and the IETF EAP and AAA WGs, a liaison arrangement was
   utilized during the development of [IEEE-802.1X] and

   IEEE 802.11 groups such as IEEE 802.11i and IEEE 802.11F have also
   become dependent on EAP and AAA work.  This relationship was more
   challenging since IEEE 802.11 required development of EAP methods and
   the EAP Key Management Framework, which represented substantial new
   IETF work, as opposed to the clarifications and updates required by
   IEEE 802.1.

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3.1.  IEEE 802.1X

   IEEE 802.1X-2001 [IEEE-802.1X] defined the encapsulation of EAP
   [RFC2284] over IEEE 802, as well as a state machine for the joint
   operation of IEEE 802.1X and EAP.

   During the development of IEEE 802.1X-2001, several problems were
   discovered in the specification for RADIUS/EAP [RFC2869], and as a
   result, work was begun on a revision [RFC3579].  In addition,
   clarifications were required on how RADIUS attributes defined in
   [RFC2865], [RFC2866], [RFC2867], [RFC2868], [RFC2869], and [RFC3162]
   would be interpreted by IEEE 802.1X implementations.  To address
   this, a non-normative RADIUS usage appendix was added to
   [IEEE-802.1X], and published as [RFC3580].

   Subsequent to the publication of [IEEE-802.1X], a formal analysis of
   the IEEE 802.1X state machine by the University of Maryland disclosed
   several security issues [Mishra].  Discussion within IEEE 802.1
   pointed to lack of clarity in [RFC2284], which resulted from the
   absence of a specification for the EAP state machine specification.

   At that time, EAP was handled within the IETF PPPEXT WG, which was
   largely inactive.  In order to undertake work on a revised EAP
   specification as well the specification of the EAP state machine, the
   IETF EAP WG was formed in July 2002.  Bernard Aboba, a participant in
   IEEE 802.1 as well as PPPEXT was named co-chair.

   Work on the EAP state machine [EAPSTATE] and revised EAP
   specification [RFC3748] proceeded in parallel within EAP WG, with
   issues or changes in one document requiring changes to the other
   document, as well as revisions to [IEEE-802.1X-2004].  The revised
   RADIUS/EAP specification [RFC3579] was also reviewed within EAP WG,
   since at that time the RADEXT WG had not yet been formed.

   The revision to IEEE 802.1X [IEEE-802.1X-2004] included the

      - a revised RADIUS usage appendix based on [RFC3580]
      - clarifications based on [RFC3579]
      - a revised IEEE 802.1X state machine, based on [RFC3748] and

   Due to the deep dependencies between [IEEE-802.1X-2004], [RFC3748]
   and [EAPSTATE], a liaison was established between IEEE 802.1X-REV and
   the IETF EAP WG in August 2002.  This enabled members of the IETF EAP
   WG to obtain access to the IEEE 802.1X revision in progress.

   IEEE 802 groups are duty bound to consider all comments received,

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   regardless of their origin.  This allows IETF participants to comment
   as part of the IEEE 802 ballot process, regardless of their voting
   status within IEEE 802.  Where there is active cooperation, IETF WGs
   may be made aware that IEEE 802 ballots are occurring and that their
   comments are welcome.  IEEE 802.1X-REV and IEEE 802.11i ballots were
   announced on the EAP WG mailing list, as are IEEE 802 interim meeting

   Similarly, during the IEEE 802.1X-REV ballot process, comments were
   received relating to [RFC3748], [EAPSTATE], and [RFC3579].  These
   comments were tracked on the EAP WG Issues List, and were
   subsequently addressed in the documents.

   In April 2003 [RFC3580] was approved by the IESG for publication as
   an RFC, and in May 2003 [RFC3579] was approved for publication as an
   RFC.  The review process for both drafts involved bringing the
   documents to IETF last call, and then reposting the IETF last call
   announcement on the IEEE 802.1 mailing list.  While ballot comments
   on  IEEE 802.1X-REV were also reflected in changes to both documents,
   it was necessary for both documents to be approved for publication as
   RFCs well in advance of Sponsor Ballot, in order to ensure that RFC
   numbers would be assigned in time, so as to avoid delaying

   Overall, despite the complex inter-dependencies between
   [IEEE-802.1X-2004], [RFC3748] and [EAPSTATE], the documents were
   produced without undue delay.  This was largely due to the work of
   joint participants in IEEE 802.1 and IETF EAP WG.

3.2.  IEEE 802.11i

   IEEE 802.11i was chartered with security enhancements to
   [IEEE-802.11]. Since [IEEE-802.11i] utilized IEEE 802.1X, it depended
   on [IEEE-802.1X-2004].  As a result, IEEE 802.11i and IEEE 802.1 held
   joint meetings at IEEE 802 plenaries and established a liaison
   arrangement that permitted members of either group (as well as EAP WG
   participants) access to IEEE 802.11i work-in-progress.

   Since [IEEE-802.11i] depended on [IEEE-802.lX-2004], it inherited the
   dependencies of [IEEE-802.1X-2004], including work on EAP, EAP
   methods and AAA support for EAP.  In addition, since IEEE 802.11i
   utilized EAP for key management whereas [IEEE-802.1X] does not,
   additional security requirements arose with respect to EAP methods.

   In February 2002,  IEEE 802.11 sent a liaison letter to the IESG
   [IEEE802Liaison1] requesting additional work on EAP, EAP methods, and
   EAP key management.  This letter was presented at the second EAP BOF
   at IETF 53, and was used as input to the EAP WG charter.  In March

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   2003, another liaison letter was presented, providing further
   clarifications on requirements for EAP method work [IEEE802Liaison2].
   This included a request from IEEE 802.11i for the EAP WG to consider
   changing the mandatory-to-implement EAP method within [RFC3748], so
   as to provide a method meeting the security requirements of IEEE

   During IETF 56, the request for changing the mandatory-to-implement
   method was considered by the EAP WG.  A recommendation was made by
   the Internet Area Director Erik Nordmark that the IEEE 802.11i
   requirements be documented in an RFC and that the EAP WG consider the
   security requirements for EAP methods in various situations.  It was
   recommended not to change the mandatory-to-implement method, since
   the EAP WG was not chartered to do work on methods.  However, it was
   decided to produce a document describing the EAP method requirements
   for WLAN usage.  This document was subsequently published as

   Most recently, IEEE 802.11r has been involved in discussions relating
   to fast handoff, which may potentially require AAA extensions as well
   as changes to the EAP Key hierarchy.  However, the direction of this
   work has not yet been determined so that no liaison request has been
   formulated yet.

   In April 2003 Dorothy Stanley was appointed liaison from IEEE 802.11
   to the IETF, in order to help coordinate between IEEE 802.11 and IETF
   WGs, including AAA, BMWG, CAPWAP, and EAP.

3.3.  IEEE 802.11F

   IEEE 802.11F was chartered with development of a recommended practice
   for Inter-Access Point Communications.  As part of development of an
   Inter-Access Point Protocol (IAPP), it was necessary to secure
   communications between the access points, as well as to support the
   reverse resolution of the MAC address of the previous access point to
   its IP address, so as to allow the two access points to communicate
   via IAPP. Since the two access points might not be on the same link,
   Inverse ARP [RFC2390], was not considered sufficient in all cases.

   IEEE 802.11F elected to extend the RADIUS protocol [RFC2865] to
   provide inverse address resolution as well as IPsec key management.
   This was accomplished via use of vendor-specific attributes, as well
   as new RADIUS commands, defined through definition of additional
   values for the RADIUS Service-Type attribute.  As a result, IETF
   review was not required under the IANA considerations included in
   [RFC2865].  Subsequently, the RADIUS IANA considerations were revised
   so as to require IETF review [RFC3575] in most cases.

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   No liaison arrangement was developed between IEEE 802.11F and IETF
   WGs such as AAA WG or SEAMOBY WG, so as to allow IETF participants
   access to the IEEE 802.11F specifications prior to publication.  Once
   IEEE 802.11F entered into Recirculation ballot, only comments
   relating to changes in the specification could be considered.  As a
   result, issues raised relating to the IEEE 802.11F RADIUS extensions
   were rejected.

   Since IEEE 802.11F was a Recommended Practice, it was required that
   the document be renewed by July 2004.  Since that deadline passed
   without ratification, IEEE 802.11F is now deprecated.  This raises
   the question of whether the RADIUS parameters allocated for use by
   IEEE 802.11F should be reclaimed.

4.  Recent Developments

   In order to improve communications between the IETF and IEEE 802,
   members of the IESG and IAB (including Bert Wijnen, James Kempf and
   Bernard Aboba) met with the IEEE 802 Executive Committee in
   Vancouver, Canada during the IEEE 802 Plenary in January 2004.  At
   that meeting a number of issues were discussed and the following
   procedures were put in place:

[a]  Access to IEEE 802 archives.  Access to IEEE 802 standards more
     than 12 months old is provided free of charge on the IEEE 802
     website via the Get IEEE 802 Program [GetIEEE802].  Access to IEEE
     802 work-in-progress has frequently arisen as an issue in
     cooperation between IETF and IEEE 802.  IEEE 802 and IETF follow
     different models with respect to document access.  While IETF
     Internet-Drafts are freely available, IEEE 802 keeps documents
     restricted to the participants in the IEEE 802 standards process.
     Within IEEE 802, a participant is required to physically attend at
     least one IEEE meeting.  While in the past IETF WGs have
     successfully negotiated access to IEEE 802 work-in-progress, each
     instance has been handled separately and may take significant time
     to set up.  In order to more easily enable document access for IETF
     WGs collaborating with IEEE 802, a liaison statement was sent to
     the IETF in July 2004 by Paul Nikolich, Chair of IEEE 802
     [IEEE802Liaison], describing a general process by which IETF WGs
     could obtain access to IEEE 802 work-in-progress.  IEEE 802 Chairs
     have the authority to grant membership in their WGs, and can use
     this authority to grant membership to an IETF WG chair upon
     request.  The IETF WG chair will be provided with access to the
     username/password for the IEEE 802 WG archives, and is permitted to
     share that information with members of the IETF WG.  Since it is
     possible to participate in IETF without attending meetings, or even
     joining a mailing list, IETF WG chairs will provide the information
     with anyone who requests it.  However, since IEEE 802 work-in-

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     progress is copyrighted, incorporating material into IETF documents
     or posting the username/password on mailing lists or websites is
     not permitted.

[b]  New work review.  In order to enable IEEE 802 review of proposed
     IETF WG charters, as well as to enable IETF review of proposed IEEE
     802 PARs, it was proposed that the New Work mailing list be used.
     The IEEE 802 Executive Committee was subscribed to the list, so
     that they can receive proposed IETF WG Charters.  Paul Congdon,
     Vice-Chair of IEEE 802.1 took on the task of posting proposed IEEE
     802 PARs to the New Work list as well.  Where a new work
     announcement is of particular interest, it is also (manually)
     forwarded to the relevant IETF and IEEE 802 mailing lists.

[c]  MIB review.  With travel budgets under pressure, it has become
     increasingly difficult for companies to fund employees to attend
     both IEEE 802 and IETF meetings.  As a result, an alternative is
     needed to past arrangements which involved chartering a work item
     within an IETF WG.  In order to encourage wider review of MIBs
     developed by IEEE 802 WGs, it was recommended that SNMP MIBs
     developed in IEEE 802 follow the MIB guidelines [GUIDELINES] and be
     reviewed as part of the IETF SNMP quality control process ('MIB
     Doctors').  An IEEE 802 group may request assignment of a 'MIB
     Doctor' to assist in a MIB review by contacting the IETF Operations
     and Management Area Director.  By standardizing IEEE 802 MIBs only
     within IEEE 802 while utilizing the SNMP quality control process,
     the IETF and IEEE 802 seek to assure quality while decreasing
     overhead.  A trial run of this process has taken place in IEEE
     802.1 where David Harrington has agreed to review IEEE 802.1 MIBs.

[d]  Document review.  With the areas of cooperation between IEEE 802
     and IETF increasing, the document review process has extended
     beyond the traditional subjects of SNMP MIBs and AAA.  Recently,
     interest has arisen within the IETF BMWG WG to review the work of
     IEEE 802.11TGT.  As part of the IETF CAPWAP WG charter,  IEEE
     802.11 was asked to review the CAPWAP Taxonomy Document [CAPARCH];
     Dorothy Stanley organized an adhoc group for this purpose.  IEEE
     802.11 has also reviewed [IDSEL] and [IABLINK].  Within IETF, IEEE
     802 comments are resolved using normal WG and IETF processes.
     Similarly, IETF participants can comment as part of the IEEE 802
     ballot process, regardless of their voting status within IEEE 802.

5.  Recommendations

   Based on the above history, the following changes are recommended:

[a]  Increased reliance on online communication.  In these times of
     travel restriction it is important to be able to conclude IETF/IEEE

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     802 cooperative projects successfully without requiring physical
     attendance at both IETF and IEEE 802 meetings.  This is somewhat of
     a challenge because in the past having participants attend both
     standards bodies has been an important contributor to success.

[b]  Earlier review of New Work.  While the New Work list has been
     successful in keeping IETF and IEEE 802 management appraised of new
     WGs, the posting of proposed Charter and PARs has often come too
     late to significantly affect the process.  By the time an IETF WG
     Charter or IEEE 802 PAR appears on New Work, a IETF BOF or IEEE 802
     "Call for Interest" has already occurred, interest has been
     demonstrated and considerable work has gone into development of the
     Charter or PAR.  If problems are found at that point, it is often
     too late in the process to make major changes.  It is therefore
     recommended that IETF and IEEE 802 explore mechanisms for earlier
     consultation on new work items.

[c]  AAA review.  In general, it is not advisable for IEEE 802 to
     develop its own AAA applications,  particularly when those
     applications involve AAA key management [Housley56].  IEEE 802 WGs
     requiring new AAA applications are encouraged to alert the IETF to
     those requirements by contacting the IETF AAA or RADEXT WGs, rather
     than proceeding on their own.  Where new attributes are required
     rather than a new application, the attributes may be included in
     the IEEE 802 attributes draft currently under development within
     the IETF RADEXT WG, or if the attributes are not appropriate for
     inclusion there, an individual submission can be prepared, and
     review can be requested from the RADEXT, AAA, EAP WGs.  In addition
     the AAA Doctors list has been created within the IETF Operations
     and Management Area Directorate.  The AAA Doctors serve a similar
     function to the MIB Doctors.  While the AAA Doctors have not yet
     been called upon to assist with and review AAA work outside of the
     IETF, it is conceivable that group could be of assistance to IEEE
     802 with their AAA requirements.

[d]  Preference for IETF standard AAA attributes, and a single IEEE
     Vendor-Specific attribute format.  Currently several standards
     organizations, including IEEE 802, have taken to allocating their
     own vendor-specific AAA attributes.  As noted in [RFC3575]:

        RADIUS defines a mechanism for Vendor-Specific extensions
        (Attribute 26) and the use of that should be encouraged instead
        of allocation of global attribute types, for functions specific
        only to one vendor's implementation of RADIUS, where no
        interoperability is deemed useful.

     Since IEEE 802 vendor-specific attributes are not specific to only
     one vendor's implementation of RADIUS and interoperability is

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     generally deemed useful, use of vendor-specific attributes
     represents a last resort.  For AAA attributes of general utility,
     and particularly those useful in multiple potential applications,
     allocation from the IETF standard attribute space is preferred.
     The RADIUS IANA Considerations [RFC3575] now requires review for
     many RADIUS parameter allocations.  With respect to EAP, [RFC3748]
     describes the procedures for IANA allocation of EAP protocol
     parameters, including Type values.

     Where allocation of Vendor-Specific Attributes (VSAs) is required,
     it is recommended that IEEE 802 create a uniform format for all of
     IEEE 802, rather than letting each IEEE 802 WG create their own
     format.  The format defined in [IEEE-802.11F] is inappropriate for
     this, since it only defines a single octet Type field, allowing for
     only 255 attributes.  Now that [IEEE-802.11F] has been deprecated,
     it is recommended that IEEE 802 abandon the IEEE 802.11F vendor-
     specific attribute format in order to design a new vendor-specific
     attribute format suitable for use by all of IEEE 802.

6.  Security considerations

   As IEEE 802 becomes increasingly involved in the specification of
   standards for link-layer security, experience has shown that it is
   helpful to obtain outside review of work-in-progress prior to
   publication.  This has proven somewhat challenging since access to
   IEEE 802 work-in-progress documents are often tightly controlled.
   For example, special permission had to be obtained for IEEE 802.11i
   to be able to circulate a version of its security standard-in-
   progress for review.  A liaison between an IEEE 802 group and a
   relevant IETF WG can assist in obtaining the necessary level of

   Experience has also shown that IETF standards may not be written to
   the level of clarity required by the IEEE 802 standards process.  In
   the case of EAP [RFC2284], the process of developing the EAP state
   machine specification [EAPSTATE] proved useful in uncovering aspects
   requiring clarification, and the joint review process exposed IEEE
   802 and IETF documents-in-progress to wider review than might
   otherwise have been possible.

   Similarly, the development of [IEEE-802.11i], [RFC3748], [KEYFRAME]
   and [RFC4017] lead to a deeper understanding of the limitations and
   security vulnerabilities of the EAP/AAA system.  As described in
   [Housley56], it is not advisable to develop new AAA key management
   applications without completing a security analysis such the analysis
   provided in [KEYFRAME].

   Due to weaknesses in the RADIUS specification [RFC2865], it is

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   relatively easy for protocol extensions to introduce serious security
   vulnerabilities.  As a result, IETF review of IEEE 802 RADIUS
   extensions is advisable, and the RADIUS IANA Considerations [RFC3575]
   have been revised so as to require such a review in most cases.

7.  IANA Considerations

   This document does not create any registries or allocate any protocol

8.  References

8.1.  Informative References

[CAPARCH]      Yang, L., Zerfos, P. and E. Sadot, "Architecture Taxonomy
               for Control and Provisioning of Wireless Access Points
               (CAPWAP)", draft-ietf-capwap-arch-06.txt, Internet draft
               (work in progress), November 2004.

[IDSEL]        Adrangi, F., Lortz, V., Bari, F. and P. Eronen, "Identity
               selection hints for Extensible Authentication Protocol
               (EAP)", draft-adrangi-eap-network-discovery-11.txt,
               Internet draft (work in progress), March 2005.

[GetIEEE802]   IEEE Standards Association Get IEEE 802 (R)  Program,

[RFC1493]      Decker, E., et al., "Definitions of Managed Objects for
               Bridges", RFC 1493, July 1993.

[RFC2108]      Graaf, K., et al., "Definitions of Managed Objects for
               IEEE 802.3 Repeater Devices using SMIv2", RFC 2108,
               February 1997.

[RFC2119]      Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
               Requirement Levels", RFC 2119, March, 1997.

[RFC2284]      Blunk, L. and J. Vollbrecht, "PPP Extensible
               Authentication Protocol (EAP)", RFC 2284, March 1998.

[RFC2390]      Bradley, T., Brown, C and A. Malis, "Inverse Address
               Resolution Protocol", RFC 2390, September 1998.

[RFC2434]      Alvestrand, H. and T. Narten, "Guidelines for Writing an
               IANA Considerations Section in RFCs", BCP 26, RFC 2434,
               October 1998.

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[RFC2674]      Bell, E., et al., "Definitions of Managed Objects for
               Bridges with Traffic Classes, Multicast Filtering and
               Virtual LAN Extensions", RFC 2674, August 1999.

[RFC2865]      Rigney, C., Rubens, A., Simpson, W. and S. Willens,
               "Remote Authentication Dial In User Service (RADIUS)",
               RFC 2865, June 2000.

[RFC2866]      Rigney, C., "RADIUS Accounting", RFC 2866, June 2000.

[RFC2867]      Zorn, G., Mitton, D. and B. Aboba, "RADIUS Accounting
               Modifications for Tunnel Protocol Support", RFC 2867,
               June 2000.

[RFC2868]      Zorn, G., Leifer, D., Rubens, A., Shriver, J., Holdrege,
               M. and I. Goyret, "RADIUS Attributes for Tunnel Protocol
               Support", RFC 2868, June 2000.

[RFC2869]      Rigney, C., Willats, W. and P. Calhoun, "RADIUS
               Extensions", RFC 2869, June 2000.

[RFC3162]      Aboba, B., Zorn, G. and D. Mitton, "RADIUS and IPv6", RFC
               3162, August 2001.

[RFC3575]      Aboba, B., "IANA Considerations for RADIUS",  RFC 3575,
               July 2003.

[RFC3579]      Aboba, B. and P. Calhoun, "RADIUS Support for Extensible
               Authentication Protocol (EAP)", RFC 3579, September 2003.

[RFC3580]      Congdon, P., Aboba, B., Smith, A., Zorn, G. and J. Roese,
               "IEEE 802.1X RADIUS Usage Guidelines", RFC 3580,
               September 2003.

[RFC3621]      Berger, A. and D. Romascanu, "Power Ethernet MIB", RFC
               3621, December 2003.

[RFC3635]      Flick, J., "Definitions of Managed Objects for the
               Ethernet-like Interface Types", RFC 3635, September 2003.

[RFC3636]      Flick, J., "Definitions of Managed Objects for IEEE 802.3
               Medium Attachment Units (MAUs)", RFC 3636, September

[RFC3637]      Heard, C. M., Ed., "Definitions of Managed Objects for
               the Ethernet WAN Interface Sublayer", RFC 3637, September

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[RFC3748]      Aboba, B., Blunk, L., Vollbrecht, J., Carlson, J., and H.
               Levkowetz, "Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP)",
               RFC 3748, June 2004.

[RFC4017]      Stanley, D., Walker, J. and B. Aboba, "Extensible
               Authentication Protocol (EAP) Method Requirements for
               Wireless LANs", RFC 4017, March 2005.

[8021XMIB]     Norseth, K., "Definitions for Port Access Control (IEEE
               802.1X) MIB", Internet draft (work in progress), draft-
               ietf-bridge-8021x-03.txt, November 2003.

[IEEE-802.1X]  IEEE Standards for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks:
               Port based Network Access Control, IEEE Std 802.1X-2001,
               June 2001.

               IEEE Standards for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks:
               Port based Network Access Control, IEEE Std 802.1X-2004,
               December 2004.

[IEEE802]      IEEE Standards for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks:
               Overview and Architecture, ANSI/IEEE Std 802, 1990.

[IEEE-802.1D]  ISO/IEC 15802-3 Information technology -
               Telecommunications and information exchange between
               systems - Local and metropolitan area networks - Common
               specifications - Part 3: Media access Control (MAC)
               Bridges, (also ANSI/IEEE Std 802.1D-1998), 1998.

[IEEE-802.1Q]  IEEE Standards for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks:
               Draft Standard for Virtual Bridged Local Area Networks,
               P802.1Q, January 1998.

[IEEE-802.3]   ISO/IEC 8802-3 Information technology -
               Telecommunications and information exchange between
               systems - Local and metropolitan area networks - Common
               specifications - Part 3:  Carrier Sense Multiple Access
               with Collision Detection (CSMA/CD) Access Method and
               Physical Layer Specifications, (also ANSI/IEEE Std 802.3-
               1996), 1996.

[IEEE-802.5]   ISO/IEC 8802-5 Information technology -
               Telecommunications and information exchange between
               systems - Local and metropolitan area networks - Common
               specifications - Part 5: Token ring access method and
               physical layer specifications, (also ANSI/IEEE Std
               802.5-1998), 1998.

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[IEEE-802.11]  Information technology - Telecommunications and
               information exchange between systems - Local and
               metropolitan area networks - Specific Requirements Part
               11:  Wireless LAN Medium Access Control (MAC) and
               Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications, IEEE Std.
               802.11-2003, 2003.

[IEEE-802.11i] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers,
               "Supplement to Standard for Telecommunications and
               Information Exchange Between Systems - LAN/MAN Specific
               Requirements - Part 11:  Wireless LAN Medium Access
               Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications:
               Specification for Enhanced Security", IEEE 802.11i, July

[Mishra]       Mishra, A. and W. Arbaugh, "An Initial Security Analysis
               of the IEEE 802.1X Standard", Department of Computer
               Science, University of Maryland College Park, CS-TR-4328,
               February 2002.

[EAPSTATE]     Vollbrecht, J.,  Eronen, P., Petroni, N. and Y. Ohba,
               "State Machines for EAP Peer and Authenticator", draft-
               ietf-eap-statemachine-06.pdf, Internet draft (work in
               progress), December 2004.

[Housley56]    Housley, R., "Key Management in AAA", Presentation to the
               AAA WG at IETF 56,
               5/index.html, March 2003.

[IABLINK]      Aboba, B., "Architectural Implications of Link
               Indications", draft-iab-link-indications-01.txt, Internet
               draft (work in progress), January 2005.

[KEYFRAME]     Aboba, B., Simon, D., Arkko, J., Eronen, P. and H.
               Levkowetz, "Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP) Key
               Management Framework", draft-ietf-eap-keying-06.txt,
               Internet draft (work in progress), April 2005.

               IEEE 802.11 liaison letter to Harald Alvestrand, February

               Input To IETF EAP Working Group on Methods and Key
               Strength, March 2003,

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               IEEE 802 Liaison letter to Bert Wijnen and Bernard Aboba,
               July 26, 2004,

[GUIDELINES]   Heard, C.M., "Guidelines for Authors and Reviewers of MIB
               Documents", draft-ietf-ops-mib-review-guidelines-04.txt,
               Internet draft (work in progress), February 2005.


   The authors would like to acknowledge Tony Jeffree, Fred Baker, Paul
   Langille and C. M. Heard for contributions to this document.

Authors' Addresses

   Les Bell
   3Com Europe Limited
   3Com Centre, Boundary Way
   Hemel Hempstead Herts. HP2 7YU

   Phone: +44 1442 438025

   Dan Romascanu
   Avaya Inc.
   Atidim Technology Park, Bldg. #3
   Tel Aviv, 61131

   Phone: +972 3 645 8414

   Bernard Aboba
   Microsoft Corporation
   One Microsoft Way
   Redmond, WA 98052

   Phone: +1 425 706 6605
   Fax:   +1 425 936 7329

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